Using our regulatory expertise, we continue to assist U.S. importers in complying with pertinent U.S. regulations

This week we successfully assisted a large U.S. importer of children’s toys and other handmade items in making sure their imports complied with the Consumer Product Safety Commission’s (CPSC) regulations related to third party testing, and packaging and labeling requirements for children’s toys. We also assisted a hand-spun yarn fair trade importer to understand all pertinent Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and U.S. Customs labeling requirements.

Now that’s how you make International Trade really happen!

For information on how we can help you and your business navigate through the rigorous U.S. imports regulatory requirements, do not hesitate to contact us at 202-350-4303 or via email

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The Exhibitor’s Guide to Maximizing Your Trade Show Experience: Preparation, Presentation, Persistence

The Exhibitor’s Guide to Maximizing Your Trade Show Experience: Preparation, Presentation, Persistence

If you missed the webinar, you can still view a video with full video and audio by Registering here for a fee of $30.

The Webinar highlights the most important steps you can take as an exhibitor to ensure that you and your product have gotten the most out of your Trade Show investment — from selecting the best trade show and alerting buyers to following up on promising business leads.

Preparation: Are you and your product ready? Which is the right trade show for you? Do the buyers know you’re coming? Do you understand the margins for your distributors? How do you make everyone want to stop by your booth? What marketing ideas bring people to the booth?

Presentation: Make your booth inviting. It will be your home for a few days, so it should be inviting. Smile and put on your talking head! It’s a two-way street — ask the right questions. Have confidence in your product — Yes you CAN! Make them remember you. And while you’re there — Gain valuable market insight! So what’s the competition up to? How does your offering compare?

Persistence: You were just at a trade show boot camp – are you feeling stronger? You have all these leads – how do you convert them into contracts? What’s the feedback you’ll remember and how will it help you grow? Use your new market insight to craft excellent follow-ups!

Posted in Business seminars, Duty-free preferences, Expanded markets for U.S. artisans, Growing exports from developing countries, Import regulations, International Trade, lead requirements, small batch manufacturers, Staff training | Leave a comment

It’s Happened! Mana Cipriana Amaral to Arrive at the Santa Fe Intl. Folk Art Market!

Mana Cipriana Amaral and her interpreter, Maun Jose Sabino Ximenes, arrive on Tuesday, July 9, in New Mexico to attend and exhibit at the Santa Fe International Folk Art Market on July 12-14. Mana Cipriana is the first-ever Timor-Leste artisan to be accepted into the Market. She represents the Feto Forte (“Strong Women”) Quelicai Weavers Group. Her participation is supported by Inti Raymi Fund, with assistance from Sandler Trade LLC, Alola Fundasaun and the Embassy of Timor-Leste, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Mana Cipriana will be selling handwoven tais mane (men’s cloth) and tais feto (women’s cloth), including ikat. Mana Cipriana and the Feto Forte (“Strong Women”) Quelicai Weavers Group’s vibrant cotton weavings use red stripes to convey the distinctive characteristics of the people from the Makasae region: bravery, curiosity and energy. Women learn the motifs of their family and their husband’s family, spin cotton, apply locally-made dyes and weave unique designs using the traditional backstrap loom. The tais mane (men’s cloth) and tais feto (women’s cloth) are worn for ceremonies, used as dowry and exchanged as barter. The women’s cloth is worn in a tubular manner; the men’s cloth, around the waist.

The Feto Forte (“Strong Women”) Quelica Weavers Group is a cooperative in the Baucau District. The Weavers Group uses the proceeds from the sales of tais feto and tais mane to support their savings and loan program.

Posted in Growing exports from developing countries | Leave a comment

Sandler Trade LLC Announces its Inaugural Webinar: Unraveling the Mysteries of U.S. Trade Policy Formulation: What Lies Behind the Acronyms and the Spirited Debates?

Sandler Trade LLC Announces its Inaugural Webinar: Unraveling the Mysteries of U.S. Trade Policy Formulation: What Lies Behind the Acronyms and the Spirited Debates?

Date & Time: Thursday, July 27, 2013 at 1:30-2:30 PM
Register Now ($85)

Our Firm is pleased to announce the first webinar in the Sandler Trade LLC Webinar Series. We are excited to share our knowledge and experience with trade professionals, diplomats, and international businesses. The inaugural webinar will unravel the mysteries of the Washington international trade policy alphabet soup and make it digestible for you. We will take you behind the scenes of the interagency trade policy formulation processes and make sure you are ready to follow a busy Fall trade negotiating and legislative agenda. After this webinar you will be able to understand the following passage:

“The TPSC is pressing forward with TPP, TTIP, and TISA negotiations and, after consultation with ITACs and IFACs, will start to bring issues to the TPRG and the NEC Deputies Group. Work also continues under the TIFAs, the S&ED, and Special 301. In the meantime, Ways and Means and Finance will need to grapple with GSP, ATPDEA and TAA, while they debate the substance of TPA.” 

The webinar will provide a detailed overview of Executive Branch mechanisms for formulating and executing international trade policy, and of the upcoming legislative agenda. Attendees will come away with a solid understanding of the legal and organizational foundations for trade policy formulation and the intra- and extra-governmental structures that support it. Topics in the seminar include:

  • Legal foundations (Trade Acts and Executive Orders…)
  • Interagency structures (TPSC, TPRG, NEC…)
  • Private sector and Congressional roles (ITACs, IFACs…)
  • International negotiations (FTAs, TIFAs, S&ED…)
  • Upcoming legislative agenda (TPA, TAA, GSP…)
  • Resources and links you should know about

To Register, Please Click here.

To sign up for future announcements from Sandler Trade LLC, please join our mailing list page.

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Press Release – Countries Urge Renewal of Duty-Free Access to the U.S. Market


The fifteen nations of Algeria, Bangladesh, Ecuador, Fiji, Georgia, Indonesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay, and Yemen have formed the Alliance of GSP Countries to urge extension of duty-free treatment of U.S. imports from their countries. That duty-free treatment occurs under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), which expires on July 31, 2013 – in just 50 days. The Alliance seeks for Congress to renew the GSP quickly and for as long as possible. If not, the nations face adverse impacts to their economies and workers, and U.S. companies will pay $2 million daily in unexpected tariffs for essential raw materials and product inputs.

Today, the Alliance began sending letters from its Ambassadors to Members of Congress requesting GSP renewal. The letter includes an appendix of real-world examples of how the GSP reduces poverty and creates economic development by expanding exports from the 127 GSP emerging economies. The Ambassadors cautioned, “…Investors and businesses in our countries require a predictable environment regarding the duty treatment of their products in the U.S. market. If Congress allows the GSP to lapse or if it is extended only for a short time, certainty disappears and the program’s benefits are seriously undermined.”

The importance of the GSP cannot be underestimated. GSP benefits more than 3.8 billion people living in two-thirds of the world’s economies. The GSP also strengthens the U.S. economy by generating tens of thousands of jobs and providing U.S. manufacturers with needed inputs. In 2012, alone, the GSP saved U.S. companies and consumers $750 million in duties on $20 billion of U.S. imports. Seamless GSP renewal is a priority for many American companies that keep competitive through importing raw materials, intermediary goods, and machinery duty-free.

Previous experience shows that every time Congress allows GSP to lapse, GSP trade suffers for the long term. Retroactive renewal places financial strains on U.S. companies and causes the loss of hard-fought U.S. market niches for GSP’s exporters.

The Ambassadors’ letter is part of an advocacy campaign involving U.S. importers and others affected by the loss of duty-free U.S. imports. The Alliance’s letter can be found here. Information on the Alliance and GSP is at

Media Contacts: Yasmine Rouaï, Sandler Trade LLC (, at 301.648.0218 ; and Marideth Sandler ( at 202.492.7473.

Posted in Duty-free preferences, Expanded markets for U.S. artisans, Import data monitoring and evaluation, Import regulations, International Trade | Leave a comment

Chairman Nunes asks, TTIP? We answer – will likely create problems for emerging markets’ exports!

In response to Chairman Nunes’ solicitation, Sandler Trade LLC submitted a statement to the House Ways and Means Trade Subcommittee on TTIP. The statement can be seen here. Our statement drew on our analysis of the opportunities and potential adverse impacts created by TTIP for exports of emerging economies. We found that the TTIP may create serious adverse impacts on exports from emerging economies due to trade displacement. Emerging economies’ interests are also not on the TTIP agenda, despite the U.S. and EU decade-old WTO commitment to address such concerns. Our submission to the Trade Subcommittee is a ten-page version of our full study. That complete analysis of TTIP’s impact on emerging economies can be found here.

Posted in Growing exports from developing countries, International Trade, Microfinance | Leave a comment

TTIP: The New Engine for Global Economic Development?

Based on our work with emerging economies to make international trade really happen, Sandler Trade LLC has taken a different view on the anticipated U.S.-EU Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Agreement. We have sought to examine its impact on global emerging economies. We believe this is extremely important, as the United States (U.S.) and European Union (EU) are major export and service markets for the 146 emerging economies[1] of the world,[2] in which nearly 5.84 billion[3] people live.

Click here for the detailed report prepared by Sandler Trade LLC

Our examination has found that there is a serious omission in the current plans for the TTIP negotiations. The U.S. and EU have failed to consider promoting economic development goals through this “Super-FTA,” as well as to identify and address potential adverse impacts on developing country exports from the TTIP. With the standstill of the WTO’s Doha Development Agenda (Doha) Round, the TTIP is an essential negotiation in which the partners should identify opportunities the TTIP presents to increase emerging economies’ trade with them and then address them in each pertinent subject area.

We believe that this approach is not just a “nice idea” to be considered by benevolent developed economies. It would be of strategic benefit to the U.S. and EU economies as well.

In 2003, the EU accounted for 40.4 percent[4] of global merchandise trade[5]. The U.S. share was 13.4 percent. However, nine years later, the two regions’ shares have decreased markedly to 32 percent and 10.7 percent, respectively. There are many reasons for these decreases, but bottom line, these two markets are no longer the only game in town.

Today, emerging economies turn to other major markets. A plethora of free trade agreements in which these economies are full partners help to encourage the flow of goods and services elsewhere. Our experience is that exporters of goods and services to the U.S. and EU seek other markets because of the great difficulty they have doing trade with the TTIP partners. Indeed, the World Bank’s “Ease of Doing Business Report,” ranked the United States #22 (of 183 participating economies) in term of trading across borders. Of the EU-27, Denmark had the highest ranking (#4) after leaders, Singapore, Hong Kong, and Korea. Germany is ranked #13, the United Kingdom #14, France #27, Spain #39, and Italy #55.

Barriers to trade include impractical and expensive sanitary and phytosanitary requirements for emerging economies’ important agricultural exports, tariff peaks for traditionally protected sectors, such as agriculture and textiles; high tariff rates and other quotas for agricultural products; complex rules of origin under preference programs, and burdensome and trade-restrictive application of anti-dumping and countervailing duty protections.

Therefore, it is in the economic interest of the U.S. and EU, as well as in the interest of emerging economies, to use the TTIP as a means to expand global trade from an economic development perspective. This opportunity, in our view, should not and cannot be wasted.

With the mutual economic interest of doing so firmly established, and with the United States and the EU poised to launch active negotiations in July, we next researched whether this topic is on the TTIP negotiations agenda.

We reviewed the TTIP negotiating mandates and recent high-level statements to see what they say about “development.” (Spoiler alert — they say nothing about development!)

We went back and examined the Doha development goals to assess whether any of these long-standing (and now largely abandoned) objectives will be up for discussion under the TTIP (– they won’t).

We reviewed recently published studies on the TTIP to read their analyses on likely TTIP implications for emerging economies’ development. We found little discussion.

While the TTIP does envisage setting global precedents, unfortunately, all of the stated goals entail U.S. and EU offensive interests – how to deal with developing country behaviors that may undermine U.S. and EU companies’ interests, such as disciplining state-owned enterprises and export controls for raw materials. Disciplining anti-competitive behaviors in these areas may well be worthwhile goals, but, in our view, they should not be the only goals with respect to emerging economies.

Seeing the dearth of discussion and, more importantly, no negotiation mandates to address TTIP’s impact on emerging economy trade, Sandler Trade LLC has authored a discussion paper that puts this issue on the table. Its goal is to identify regulatory and other changes the TTIP should include to improve emerging-economy exporters’ access to U.S. and EU markets, thereby meeting global development goals.

Our work included a review of TTIP’s ramifications for emerging-economy exports to U.S. and EU markets. That analysis raised issues that we believe should be closely analyzed and discussed by all stakeholders. For example, we looked at the potential for trade displacement and the ramifications of adopting mutual recognition of standards, rather than standards harmonization, on a number of products exported by emerging economies. We examined opportunities for simplification of complex preferential rules of origin and harmonization of other standards. We also considered what 21st century issues the TTIP could examine, other than U.S. and EU offensive priorities. Of interest to emerging economies is the disciplining of the behavior of state-owned enterprises as well as simplifying and harmonized regulations for their export priorities.

The following are our key recommendations for steps the U.S. and EU should take in the TTIP or as part of the TTIP preparatory process. We identified these through our investigation of a range of exports and TTIP areas of negotiation (e.g., market access, agriculture, etc.) with a view to promote the global economic development agenda and expand mutually beneficial economic opportunities.

Within the TTIP:

  1. Adopt standards harmonization, rather than mutual recognition agreements, for products that emerging economies export to the TTIP markets to ensure benefits also flow to them.
  2. Extend the benefits of mutual recognition to emerging economies for products that they also export to TTIP markets.
  3. Where bilateral removal of tariffs and NTBs is likely to adversely affect competing emerging- economy exports, provide potentially affected countries the opportunity to negotiate plurilateral or multilateral liberalization.
  4.  For key exports of emerging economies (as identified by them), harmonize the U.S. and EU preferential rules of origin as well as overall product, shipment, and inspection standards.
  5. Grant the benefits of TTIP tariff elimination and NTB removal or reduction to GSP beneficiary countries.

 Identify other changes that should be included in the TTIP by promptly:  

  1. Elicit public comments on development aspects of the TTIP.
  2. Analyze the impact on key directly or indirectly competing emerging economy exports from the removal of tariffs and NTB’s to U.S.-EU trade, along with steps to be taken to avoid adverse effects on emerging economy exports.
  3. Undertake an independent assessment of opportunities under the TTIP to expand emerging economy trade, while avoiding potential adverse impacts.
  4. Undertake an independent assessment of emerging, 21st century, global issue that may inhibit emerging economies’ economic development and export growth and the TTIP could be used to help address these issues.

 We welcome our readers’ thoughts and feedback. If you are an emerging market exporter, especially, who faces or has faced obstacles to entering the U.S. and EU markets, what do you think the TTIP should include to remove these barriers? Let us know what they are! Please share your thoughts with Gordana Earp,




[1] Also called “developing countries.”

[2] This figure is taken from the International Statistics Institute

[3] This population calculation is the sum of countries that the World Bank designates as “Developing Economies)

[4] These figures are calculated using data from  the United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database (UN COMTRADE)

[5] Goods imports and exports.

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Sandler Trade LLC and the Royal Thai Embassy’s Commercial Office Launch GSP Beneficiary Countries Advocacy for Prompt GSP Renewal – The Clock is Ticking!

Washington, D.C. – On April 17th, the Royal Thai embassy hosted an organizational session for a newly formed Alliance of GSP Countries (A-GSPC). The meeting was facilitated by Sandler Trade LLC and enthusiastically received by over twenty participating GSP beneficiary countries.

The U.S. Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program, which provides duty-free treatment for imports of certain products from qualified developing countries, will expire on July 31 unless renewed by the U.S. Congress. For more information on GSP For more information on GSP view the presentation (click here).

The nations represented so far in the Alliance of GSP Countries account for more than 1 billion people and account for 40 percent of GSP imports annually!  The Alliance membership is growing.

GSP beneficiary countries experienced the negative and disruptive impact on their GSP product exports and producers, many of whom are small and family-owned businesses, when the GSP program last expired in 2011 and lapsed for 10 months before being renewed with retroactive effect. U.S. importers and manufacturing companies that rely on duty-free inputs imported under the GSP program were also negatively impacted by the disruption.  Even though a retroactive refund of duties was possible after the program’s eventual renewal, many businesses were not equipped to make retroactive refund claims, causing lasting damage.

At the initial meeting of the A-GSPC, Sandler Trade LLC provided information that shows that every time the GSP program expires, and the longer the expiration, the more erosive the impact on GSP trade. As shown in the table below, GSP imports fell or stagnated during periods of program expiration and short-term renewal. Imports grew steadily between 2002 and 2006 when the program was renewed for a four-year period.

Disruptions in GSP treatment can have devastating effects on small business employment and development goals in beneficiary countries. The impact on the U.S. economy is also severely disruptive. On average, U.S. businesses that export rely on imported products for 40 percent of their inputs. If the cost for these inputs rises due to tariff increases, these businesses are less competitive in the global marketplace.

The A-GSPC will do its utmost to inform members of Congress of the benefits of the GSP program for the U.S. economy and for the development and poverty reduction goals of GSP beneficiary countries. It will seek to educate members of Congress, using real-world examples, about the damaging consequences on trading patterns, companies and lives, of allowing the GSP program to lapse, even if only temporarily. Traders and producers need certainty!  The A-GSPC will urge that the Congress act quickly to renew GSP before it expires and that it allow GSP to remain in place without interruption for an extended period of time. This will benefit the U.S. economy and help meet the objectives of the GSP program.

A-GSPC will work with the “Coalition for GSP”, a group of American companies and associations that benefit from GSP and is also seeking prompt renewal of the program.

Background on GSP

Congressional authorization of the GSP is due to expire on July 31, 2013 – just 74 days from today. The GSP promotes tangible economic growth for 127 eligible countries, for 3,511 products. Each of the 44 Least Developed GSP beneficiary countries may export an additional 1,464 products into the U.S. market duty-free.

$19.9 billion worth of products were imported into the United States in 2012 under GSP.

U.S. companies and consumers saved $750 million in duties thanks to the GSP program.

Approximately 82,000 jobs are directly linked to GSP in the United States.

GSP benefits more than 4 billion people living in two-thirds of the world’s economies.

Sandler Trade LLC is excited and honored to be part of this important initiative!


Yasmine Rouaï, Global Trade Specialist:

Posted in Business seminars, Duty-free preferences, Expanded markets for U.S. artisans, Import regulations, International Trade, Staff training | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Sandler Trade LLC reaches out to Nigerian exporters

The difference between airport services at Dulles International Airport and Port-Harcourt International Airport was not hard to miss as I arrived at the airport in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria. From the wave of heat that hit me in the face when I stepped out of the airplane, the fragrance of the air, which was very different (not in a bad way), and finally the hassle to get to my luggage, I had no choice but to whisper to myself these three letters, “T.I.A,” meaning “This is Africa!” when I arrived at the airport in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria on March 28, 2013.

Staying true to our goal at Sandler Trade LLC – to make international trade really happen-while in Nigeria, I made time to speak and schedule visits with as many Nigerian farmers, small business owners, and exporters as I could.Transportation to each visit was very exciting, as I took a ride on the Keke, a wobbly but fast contraption. This was my first Keke experience and I found it an improvement over the alternative, such as the motorcycles also known as “okada” that filled the streets of every city the last time I was in Nigeria.

One of the highlights of my trip was the opportunity to speak at a seminar hosted by the Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC) in Owerri, Imo-State, which is located in eastern Nigeria. Attendees were members of the “Imo Exporters Cluster,” who currently export or want to export their products to the U.S. market and others. Some of the products of interest included textiles and various agricultural products, such as palm oil, sesame seeds, millet, sorghum, garden eggs, cowpeas, among others.

The focus of our discussion during the seminar at NEPC was how best to utilize U.S. trade preference programs such as the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) and the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). I also described to the interested audience the many ways in which Sandler Trade LLC assists exporters to get their products into the U.S. market, and how best to market their products to highly selective U.S. consumers and potential business partners.

I also met with Dr. Chinyere Nwoga, who works with the Nigeria American Chamber of Commerce in Port-Harcourt, Nigeria. She is also the founder and Managing Director of Soluzone Ltd., a consulting firm in Port-Harcourt that coordinates international trade missions, among other services. Our discussion was very fruitful and she described some of the requirements necessary to operate successfully in Nigeria.

Nigeria has been on a quest to diversify its exports. As the saying goes in international development, export diversification is a key ingredient for development. However, it is often difficult for developing countries to truly diversify their exports due to various country-specific reasons, as well as complex importing country requirements. However, with the organized high-priority effort in Nigeria to broaden its export base and take advantage of AGOA opportunities, there are bound to be break-throughs.

I made new friends during my visit and I, along with my colleagues at Sandler Trade LLC, will do our utmost to help them successfully bring their excellent Nigerian products to the U.S. market.

We would like to thank the Nigerian Embassy in Washington DC and the Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC) for allowing us to be a part of their efforts. I also look forward to my next visit to Nigeria and my next Keke ride.

For Nigerian exporters seeking to get their products into the U.S. market do not hesitate to get in touch with us.

Prince Mbanefo, Sandler Trade LLC, Global Trade Advisor

Posted in Business seminars, Duty-free preferences, Growing exports from developing countries, Import data monitoring and evaluation, Import regulations, International Trade | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Sandler Trade LLC Appoints Yasmine Rouaï as Global Trade Specialist to help “make trade really happen” with the Middle East and North Africa Region

Washington, D.C. – Sandler Trade LLC ( is very pleased to announce that Yasmine Rouaï has joined the firm as Global Trade Specialist with a regional concentration Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

This addition will further strengthen Sandler Trade LLC’s success in providing strategic trade advisory, analytical, and trade promotion services to companies, sector associations, embassies, small businesses and artisan groups around the globe, and especially in the MENA region. Yasmine has extensive personal and professional knowledge of trade and economic issues and the MENA region in particular.

Prior to joining Sandler Trade LLC, Yasmine was a consultant and operations analyst at the World Bank’s Social and Economic Development Group and Maghreb Department in the MENA Region for five years where she worked on economic development and trade issues affecting the MENA region. During her World Bank tenure, Yasmine’s work included:

  • Member of the research team for the 2009 World Bank MENA Development Report “From Privilege to Competition: Unlocking Private-Led Growth in the Middle East and North Africa”;
  • Contributor to reports on trade and foreign direct investment policies in the MENA region;
  • Contributor to the Tunisia Interim Strategy Note (ISN), which outlined the World Bank’s strategy in the country in the fluid and evolving context of Tunisia after the Arab Spring.

Yasmine’s knowledge and understanding of the region gives Sandler Trade LLC a unique perspective on how to help the companies and governments in the MENA region develop strategies to expand their exports, integrate their products into the global supply chain and find pathways to enter the U.S. marketplace.

Yasmine holds both a Master of Arts in International Commerce and Policy from George Mason University and a Master of Science in Finance from Johns Hopkins University. She received her Bachelor of Arts from George Washington University in International Affairs, with a concentration in Middle Eastern Studies.

Since joining Sandler Trade LLC, Yasmine has been able to utilize her knowledge in the region to expand existing projects in the MENA region as well as propose new opportunities to expand trade especially in the post-Arab Spring economies.

Yasmine an avid traveler and has been to the Middle East, Europe, South Asia, Central and South America. She has also lived in Algeria, France, and Spain and speaks French, Arabic, and Spanish. Her extensive travel and international experience makes her an asset to Sandler Trade LLC in their work to assist clients from all over the world.

When asked about her new position with the firm, Yasmine remarked:

“I am excited to be part of the Sandler Trade LLC team!

At the World Bank, I enjoyed learning, and making a contribution to the MENA region’s economic development goals. At Sandler Trade LLC, I have been able to specialize in trade issues as well as the practical aspects of commerce between emerging companies and the U.S. market. Despite my expertise in MENA, my work at Sandler Trade LLC has exposed me to other emerging countries. I have already been able to interact with clients from Thailand, Indonesia, Timor-Leste and Tunisia, just to name a few, on agricultural export policies, trade shows and many others.

Over the last month I have had a chance to work on numerous projects that are making trade happen for artisans, foreign governments as well as companies in emerging economies. Another facet of my work has also allowed me to learn about U.S. regulations, U.S. import programs and inspirational stories of how special import programs help developing countries improve their economies through trade. Down the line, I will be involved with many important trade initiatives and will share our progress!”


Yasmine Rouaï,

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